Case Study 31

Georg Leo von Caprivi
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

On the left is the chart of Georg Leo von Caprivi (24 February 1831 – 6 February 1899). He was a German General who served as Chancellor (March 1890 to October 1894). He was able to reform the German military but was not a successful diplomat. Constantly being out maneuvered and undermined by his own government he was eventually forced to resign. “Caprivi destroyed his papers. In retirement, he refused to speak or write publicly about his experiences as Chancellor or share his opinions on current events.”

The chart on the right is the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini (24 September 1902 – 3 June 1989). He was a religious leader of Twelver Shi’a Islam. He became the Ayatollah (religious title) around 1962. He went into exile in 1963, living in Iraq, Turkey and France. In Turkey he stayed in Bursa in the home of Colonel Ali Cetiner, head of Turkish Military Intelligence. According to the BBC, recently released documents show the Ayatollah had contact with the CIA on different occasions. He returned to Iran during the Iranian Revolution. He promptly took over the revolutionary government and formed a Theocracy. He eliminated all competition from the original groups behind the overthrow of the former government of Shah Pahlavi and fought a 10 year war with Iraq (Iran-Iraq War),