How Germany Helped the Bolshevik Revolution

The rift in between Socialists and Communists is interesting. Both ideas are expressed in Marx and Engels’ “Communist Manifesto.” The idea was that Socialism would defeat Capitalism. After a time Communism would in turn defeat Socialism. Then everyone (except them) could stand in line for vodka and cheese. That the two are in conflict from the late 1800s on is noteworthy. Was the rift set up that way intentionally by some unseen hand to deceive observers? Getting the common folk to follow two leaders pretending to be enemies isn’t hard; it’s a monkey see monkey do thing.

Here’s a little history about a man named Israel Lazarevich Gelfand, popularly known as Alexander Parvus (September 8, 1867 – December 12, 1924). Changing his name had obvious advantages at the time; he was Jewish. He was born in Lithuania and lived in Switzerland, Germany, Russia and Turkey. He was a prominent socialist economist, swindler and arms dealer (see Case Study 44).

Parvus had met Vladimir Lenin in Munich and the two had become friends. In 1905 Parvus traveled to St Petersburg with false papers. He authored an article called the Financial Manifesto. In it he declared the Russian financial system was failing and encouraged a run on the banks. It was his contribution to the 1905 Russian Revolution. There were mass protests, some uprisings and mutinies but no success in overthrowing the Czar. It did succeed in getting Trotsky and Parvus sent to Siberia. Parvus escaped and made his way back to Germany.

He then travelled to Turkey where he made a fortune as an arms dealer. He brokered deals between the Krupp Companies (Germany), Vicker’s Limited (Great Britain) and the Three Pashas of the Ottoman Empire. He also became friends with German Ambassador Hans Freiherr von Wangenheim.

Wangenheim sent Parvus to Berlin to convince Kaiser Wilhelm II and the German Chancellery to support the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. It worked. The Germans smuggled Vladimir Lenin and the equivalent of $500 million in today’s money to help the Communists take over Russia.

Lenin got a lot of flak later for having been financed by capitalists. His reply was “someday Russia will be sending money to Germans to overthrow their government.”

Quite obviously the Russian Revolution helped the German position by pulling the Czarists out of the Great War. When Benjamin Franklin approached the French for support fighting the British it was because the two nations had been at war. It was obviously the choice of financiers to approach. The situation between Germany and the Russian Empire was no different. But who’s idea was it? It was Parvus’ idea (or his Handler/spirit guide). He was that one guy in an unseen machine seeking a New World Order. The Communists and the Socialists were helping each other while appearing to be enemies.

Releated article by DW “How Germany got the Russian Revolution Off the Ground